What Is a Bail Bond?
A bail bond is an agreement by a felony defendant to seem for trial or pay a sum of money set by the court. The bail bond is cosigned by a bail bondsman, who charges the defendant a price in return for guaranteeing the fee. The bail bond is a sort of surety bond.
The business bail bond system exists only in the United States and the Philippines. In other international locations, bail could entail a set of restrictions and circumstances placed on felony defendants in return for their launch till their trial dates.
·A bail bond cosigned by a bail bondsmen is posted by a defendant in lieu of full cost of the bail set by the courtroom.
·The bail bond serves as surety that the defendant will appear for trial.
·Judges typically have huge latitude in setting bail quantities.
·Bail bondsmen usually charge 10% of the bail amount up entrance in return for his or her service and should charge additional charges. Some states have put a cap of eight% on the quantity charged.
·The bail system is extensively viewed as discriminatory to low-earnings defendant and contributing to the mass-incarceration of younger African-American males.
How a Bail Bond Works
A person who is charged with against the law is often given a bail hearing before a judge. The quantity of the bail is on the judge's discretion. A judge could deny bail altogether or set it at an astronomical degree if the defendant is charged with a violent crime or appears likely to be a flight threat.
Judges typically have large latitude in setting bail amounts, and typical amounts fluctuate by jurisdiction. A defendant charged with a nonviolent misdemeanor might see bail set at $500. Felony crime costs have correspondingly high bail, with $20,000 or extra not unusual.
The business bail bond system exists only within the United States and the Philippines.
As soon as the amount of the bail is set, the defendant's selections are to stay in jail until the costs are resolved at trial, to rearrange for a bail bond, or to pay the bail amount in full until the case is resolved. Within the final instance, courts in some jurisdictions settle for title to a house or other collateral of value in lieu of money.
Bail bondsmen, also called bail bond brokers, present written agreements to felony courts to pay the bail in full if the defendants whose appearances they guarantee fail to look on their trial dates.
Bail bondsmen usually charge 10% of the bail quantity up entrance in return for their service and will cost further fees. Some states have put a cap of eight% on the amount charged.
The agent can also require a statement of creditworthiness or could demand that the defendant turn over collateral in the type of property or securities. Bail bondsmen usually accept most property of worth, including cars, jewellery, and houses as well as shares and bonds.
Once the bail or bail bond is delivered, the defendant is released till trial.
The Disadvantages of the Bail Bond System
The bail bond system has grow to be part of the bigger debate over mass incarceration, particularly of young African-American males, within the U.S.
The bail bond system is considered by many even within the authorized profession to be discriminatory, because You can find out more it requires low-revenue defendants to stay in jail or scrape collectively a 10% cash charge and the rest of the bail-in collateral—even earlier than they stand trial for any crime. PrisonPolicy.org says that about 536,000 individuals are being held in jails in the U.S. as a result of they can't afford bail or a bail bondsman's services.
4 states including Illinois, Kentucky, Oregon, and Wisconsin have outlawed bail bondsmen and instead require a ten% deposit on the bail amount to be lodged with the court docket. In 2018, California voted to remove cash bail necessities from its courtroom system.